Philippines


Overview

Philippines travel guide, including map of the Philippines, top Philippines travel experiences, tips for travel in the Philippines, plus where to see rice terra

Demand a deserted tropical beach all to yourself? Done. Want rainforests, mountains, ancient tribal villages and terraced rice paddies? No problem. Won’t leave the house for anything less than world-class diving? Sorted.

Made up of more than 7,000 tropical islands, off-the-beaten-track Philippines is the second-largest archipelago in the world and has the answer to any travel diva’s most outlandish demands.

Most journeys start at the capital, Manila, on the main island of Luzon. This is the oldest city in the archipelago, with the historic centre usefully bounded by ancient city walls in the Intramuros area, with glimpsed sea-views from stone-built churches. The world's oldest Chinatown is found in Binondo, once-infamous Malate has descended into seediness while modern Manila's commercial centre of gravity has shifted a taxi-ride away to the Makati district.

There's plenty to see on Luzon itself. Highlights include the Unesco-registered rice terraces at Ifugao, Mount Pinatubo and the picture-poscard crater of Taal Volcano. There are also plenty of beach resorts catering for city-dwellers seeking escape but if a Bounty-advert paradise is what you're looking for it's back to the airport for an internal flight, or do as the locals do and head for a port.

Ferries reach out to the main island groups. Closest is Mindoro, with low-key beach-hut resorts lining endless beaches and a jungled interior hiding indigenous tribes, but it's also got some of the archipelago's best diving, with Apo Reef internationally renowned.

Palawan stretches out across the Sulu Sea and is famous for its exotic wildlife, descendants of escapees from a zoo project that foundered in the heat, but it's also home to the Bacuit Archipelago of small islands, paradise for millionaires and backpackers alike.

Most of the central islands are known as the Visayas. This is where you'll find the famous party beaches of Borocay, consistently voted the best in Asia, the country's second city, Cebu and the humped 'Chocolate Hills' of Bohol Island.

Finally, there's Mindanao, the second-largest island of the archipelago, including the island of Camiguin, where there are more volcanoes than towns, and Samal, with bat-filled caves and atmospheric dive wrecks.

Few direct flights from Europe have kept mass tourism at bay, but that can't last forever. The time to visit the Philippines is now.

 

Wanderlust recommends

  1. Dive Wrecks. WWII naval battles played out in the seas around the Philippines, as Japan tussled with America for control of the Pacific. Countless battleships were sunk in the shallows, with perhaps the best off Palawan, the Philippines’ 'wild west' island
  2. Trek a Volcano. The 1991 eruption of hot-tempered Mount Pinatubo was the second-largest in the 20th century and saw villages and towns buried in mud. A trek to the hot core gives a vivid glimpse of the earth's power, and the resourcefulness of the locals, who use the mud to make plates for sale.
  3. Go to Church. While tribal minorities cling to animism, urban Filipinos are overwhelmingly Christian. Watch out for Saints Days and Fiestas: all are celebrated in style. San Agostin in Manila's Intramuros District is the oldest - and, perhaps, the grandest - church
  4. Climb the Chocolate Hills. The heart of the island of Bohol is covered in iconic limestone bumps, said to be the tears of a broken-hearted giant. It's a good excuse to visit this island as it has beaches to match any other
  5. Chill out on Sugar Beach. If partying's not your thing, Borocay's no good anymore. Smart backpackers with a taste for peace are better off at Langub Beach (Sugar Beach) at Sipalay
  6. Terraced Treasure. The Ifugao's ampitheatre of rice terraces has rightly been listed by Unesco: spreading magnificently up a valley it rivals any more conventional architectural acheivement. Best, you can explore on foot, in peace, with farmers' wives at home to offer coffee and snacks

Wanderlust tips

Standards vary widely on the live-aboard boats that take divers to the more remote diving sites. Few vessels meet required safety standards so check very carefully that the boat you board is safe and seaworthy before you part with your cash.

Further Reading

Travel in the Philippines: vital statistics

 

  • Capital of the Philippines: Manila
  • Population of the Philippines: 98 million
  • Languages in the Philippines: Filipino, English, 100+ regional dialects
  • Time in the Philippines: GMT+8
  • International dialling code for the Philippines: +63
  • Voltage in the Philippines: 220V 50Hz AC
  • Visas for the Philippines: Philippines visas
  • Money in the Philippines: Peso (P). US dollars cash is most useful. Moneychangers and ATMS are widespread; stock up on the pesos before travelling to the remoter islands. Tips of between 5 and 10% are expected in restaurants. Round up taxi fares.
  • Philippines travel advice: Foreign & Commonwealth Office 
  • Philippines tourist board: Department of Tourism

 

When to go to the Philippines

October to April is the dry season: the best time to visit. Sunny and dry, with temperatures reaching 35°C-plus in March/April; the mountains can be 10°C cooler. This is peak season for diving as summer’s cyclonic conditions can affect visibility. Whale shark watching season at Donsol runs January-May. In May, Flores de Mayo fiestas are commonplace across the country. May to September is the wet season: humid and hot. Regular tropical downpours can cause road closures, but travel is still possible. Cyclones are a serious risk July-October.

International airports

Ninoy Aquino International Airport (MNL) is 7km from Manila.

Getting around the Philippines

 

Private bus companies leave from stations in Manila or can be hailed from the highway between cities. In Manila many of the main tourist locations are linked by the underground Metro and Light Rail Transit. Ferries vary hugely in quality but most services around the southern Visayas from Cebu City are well maintained seacat-style vessels. Internal flights are good value.

Philippines accommodation

Standards vary widely in the Philippines so always have a good look round before you take a room. ‘Hotel’ is an all-encompassing term in the Philippines, covering everything from shabby crashpads to 5-star luxury empires. Beach resorts range from one-room cottages to private atolls with on-site health spas. Campsites and hostels are few and far between and there is no official list of homestays. However, ask around if you get stuck in rural areas – there’s usually someone who’ll put you up for a few hundred pesos.

Philippines food & drink

Filipino cuisine can seem a little lacklustre on first inspection, yet its unending variety of fresh fruits and salty sauces soon grow on you. Filipinos eat a lot of meat and fish; rice and noodles are the main staples. The national dish is fish, pork or chicken cooked adobo style – stewed in vinegar and garlic. In Manila try lechon (spit-roasted pig) and avoid balut  (about-to-hatch duck embryo, boiled in its shell). Seafood is freshest at dampas – fish markets where you choose the catch and watch as it’s cooked there and then. Kinilaw is a raw fish ceviche (marinated in vinegar). Tropical fruits provide abundant blended fruit shakes such as buko (coconut juice). San Miguel is the national beer.

Health & safety in the Philippines

Mountain or volcano trekking is hazardous during the wet season because of landslides. Vaccinations for water-borne illnesses such as typhoid should be up to date and dengue fever can be a problem – speak to your GP or travel health clinic well before departure, and take precautions to avoid mosquito bites. Malaria is a threat in certain locations, so seek advice on prophylaxis before travelling.