Morocco


Overview

Morocco travel guide, including map of Morocco, top Morocco travel experiences, tips for travel in Morocco, plus climbing in the atlas and riad stays

Barely 20 miles from Europe, Morocco is a world apart. Fast ferries from Spain link a country that is part Arab, part African, with a character all of its own.

Morocco’s cities are the obvious draws. Marrakech and Fez are the places to explore the medieval alleys of ancient medinas, packed with donkeys, traders and the scents of Africa. Casablanca and Rabat are modern with elegant boulevards and a Gallic café culture, while Tangier and Agadir are sophisticated cities where the beach takes centre stage. 

Drill down to the smaller towns and Morocco’s heritage is more distinct and accessible. Visit Chefchouan, in the north, where cornflower-blue houses sprawl on a fertile hillside, or the fortified coastal town of Essaouira, once a Portuguese outpost on Atlantic Africa. Inexpensive taxi rides reach stunning highlights, Roman columns preserved by the desert at Volubilis and mud-built forts towering over folding mountain landscapes.

Zoom in closer and be welcomed into village life: ride the waves in surf communities on the sunsoaked southern coast near Agadir, trek to Berber villages huddled against adobe castle walls in the Atlas Mountains and join nomads on camels to cross Saharan dunes. 

At every level Moroccans are exceptionally hospitable: this is one country where you are likely to be invited into private homes and plied with sweet tea. Relax and complete your experience with a taste of Morocco; slow-cooked tagine, pastilla (pigeon pastry) or couscous are specialities. 

Wanderlust recommends

  1. Go Trek. The best views are mountainous, in the northern Rif or Atlas ranges. Donkeys generally carry your gear, but camels are best in the desert and to climb Mount Toubkal it’s wise to upgrade to a mule
  2. Hit the Beach. Kite-surf in the breeze off the fortified city of Essaouira or head south to Agadir for the best surf and the strongest sun
  3. Play Lawrence of Arabia. Orson Welles’ classic was filmed at the Unesco registered fort at Ait Benhaddou, while more recently scenes in Gladiator were shot in oases close by
  4. Step Back in Time. The medinas of Fez and Marrakech belong to a different era, where cottage industries – tanneries, potteries and textile factories – co-exist with daily life
  5. Enjoy the Theatre. As night falls, book a ringside seat at Marrakech’s Djemaa el-Fna. Musicians, snake-charmers, jugglers and acrobats are spectacular side-shows amongst food stalls and street vendors
  6. Relax in a Riad. The classic Moorish home sets the rooms in galleries around a central courtyard. Many have been restored, providing little oases of tranquillity in the busiest city centres
  7. Ride a Camel. You don’t have to go far to do this, as freelance camel-owners ply most city beaches and tourist sites, but for a taste of the Sahara on a ‘ship of the desert’ choose M’Hamid or Merzouga
  8. Drive South. Bandit activity further west make Morocco’s road to Mauritania the favoured route to sub-Saharan Africa. Most of the Moroccan route is tarmac

Wanderlust tips

You will spend at least some time undergoing a hard sell, probably in a carpet shop. Take the time to enjoy your mint tea, watch a carpet being woven and simply play along with the haggling charade. You probably won’t get a bargain, but you just might pick up a rug you really like.

In Fez, hire an official guide for at least one day. They will keep pestering freelance guides and bay and vastly enhance your insight into their World Heritage-listed medina.

 

Further Reading

Travel in Morocco: vital statistics

 

  • Capital of Morocco: Rabat
  • Population of Morocco: 34.9 million
  • Languages in Morocco: Moroccan Arabic. French, Berber and Spanish (in northern parts) are also spoken
  • Time in Morocco: GMT (GMT+1 June-September)
  • International dialling code for Morocco: +212
  • Voltage in Morocco: 127/220V 50Hz AC
  • Visas for Morocco: Morocco visa
  • Money in Morocco: Morocco dirham (Dh). ATMs are widely available. Tipping and haggling are important parts of Moroccan culture.
  • Morocco travel advice: Foreign & Commonwealth Office
  • Morocco tourist board: Moroccan National Tourist Office

 

When to go to Morocco

Spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November) are the most pleasant times to visit, with warm days and cool nights. Summer (June-August) is stiflingly hot, except in the high mountains, while winter can be chilly everywhere. Ramadan sees many restaurants close during the day and transport options can be limited.

 

International airports

Marrackech Menara Airport (RAK) is 6km south-west of the city. Mohammed V International Airport (CMN) is 30km south-east of Casablanca. Agadir Al Massira Airport (AGA) is 28km east of the city.

 

Getting around in Morocco

Domestic flights link the main cities, usually via the Casablanca hub. Trains connect Tangier, Fez, Meknes, Rabat, Casablanca and Marrakech.

Buses and coaches link most towns; grand taxis (share taxis) are quick and convenient for shorter inter-town journeys. Car hire is possible, though driving in cities can be fraught.

Morocco accommodation

Morocco has some fine accommodation options. Campsites are available, especially near national parks, and camping is necessary on many treks and in the desert. Hostels are also widespread, as are comfortable and reasonably priced hotels. Many riads (now a generic name for medina houses converted into hotels) offer stylish rooms around a central courtyard.

 

Morocco food & drink

Moroccan food is a highlight of any visit. Small cafes and stalls serve harira soup, brochettes (kebabs) and simple couscous while swanky ‘palace’ restaurants dish up elaborate tagines (casseroles) and pastilla (flaky pigeon pastry). Mint tea is the ubiquitous drink, forced on you by carpet-shop owners but generally offered out of a genuine sense of simple hospitality. It’s a refreshing tipple on a hot day. Alcohol is rarely served outside upmarket hotels and occasional (sometimes dubious) city bars.

Health & safety in Morocco

Consult your GP or a travel health clinic for advice on inoculations. Drink only bottled or filtered water, and be wary of salads or unpeeled fruit.

Dogs in the countryside – especially shepherds’ dogs – can be aggressive. Carry a stick if possible or be ready to grab a stone to throw if one gets too close.

Pickpocketing does happen in busy spots, though violent crime is rare. Tourists are often hassled or pressured to visit shops in medinas – respond with a good-natured ‘no’ ('la shoukran' in Arabic) and you’ll be fine.