Cambodia


Overview

Cambodia travel guide, including map of Cambodia, tips on Cambodian culture, places to visit in Cambodia, when to go to Cambodia and Cambodia travel tips

A cultivated country with something exciting to offer every traveller. Cambodia is still less visited than its neighbours Thailand and Vietnam, but the iconic Angkor Wat – a fascinatingly complex stone temple that is the world’s largest religious monument – draws visitors in their thousands.

Cambodia’s charms though are not confined to Angkor Wat. In Angkor alone there are more than 290 other temples.

The mountain-top Praeh Vihear temple-complex in northern Cambodia is as good as anything in Angkor and in a more stunning setting.

In the south you’ll find Sihanoukville’s paradisiacal beaches and great nature-watching opportunities in Ream National Park. Or head to the wilds of the east for waterfall hikes, elephant treks, dolphin-spotting and hilltribe-visits.

Wanderlust Recommends

  1. Spot tigers and experience community tourism in Kirirom National Park
  2. Take an eco-trail down the Mekong to Kratie to see the rare Irrawaddy dolphins
  3. Learn to cook like a Cambodian, with profits going to a local street children charity
  4. Hitch a ride with an elephant and encounter minority cultures in Mondulkiri, in Cambodia’s far east.
  5. Join in the celebrations at the Bom Om Tuk water festival when the current in the Tonlé Sap reverses and the river is filled with colourfully decorated boats.

Wanderlust tips

If you want to avoid the crowds at Angkor Wat, don’t visit at sunrise. Linger there at sunset when most of the tour groups go to Bakheng to look down on Angkor, camera in hand.

Also, don’t just head straight back to Siem Reap. Stick around and discover Angkor’s more remote temples.

For truly majestic sunsets minus the hordes of tourists, travel to the temple of Preah Vihear, which clings to cliffs of the Dangkrek Mountains on the border with Thailand.

I wish I'd known...

Daisy Cropper on the one thing she wished she'd known on arrival:

"Angkor was busy. I would have made more effort to get there earlier in the day, if I'd known. There were crowds of people were everywhere! Search out the lesser-known temples and take the time to explore them, you'll feel more in awe than at the larger/more popular sites."

Further Reading

Travel in Cambodia: vital statistics

  • Capital of Cambodia: Phnom Penh
  • Population of Cambodia:  14.5 million
  • Languages in Cambodia: Khmer. Chinese and Vietnamese also spoken.
  • Time in Cambodia: GMT+7
  • International dialling code in Cambodia: +855
  • Voltage in Cambodia: 220AC 50 Hz
  • Visas for Cambodia: Cambodia visas
  • Money in Cambodia: Riel (CRI). US dollars are useful and in the west, Thai Baht is common place. There is very limited acceptance of major credit cards outside of the major banks and Western-orientated restaurants. US dollars traveller’s cheques are much easier to exchange than traveller’s cheques in other countries. Tipping is not expected but wages are low so a little tip can go a long way.
  • Cambodia travel advice: Foreign & Commonwealth Office 
  • Cambodia tourist board: Tourism of Cambodia

When to go to Cambodia

Cambodia’s dry season runs from November to April and the weather is ideal from December to February when humidity is at its lowest – although this is also the busiest time for tourists.

The wet season isn’t such a bad time to visit. Hotel rates are lower and it only rains for short periods each day. Travelling by boat is easier in the wet season as the rivers are higher but road travel can be tricky as sections of the road become impassable. 

Cambodia’s jungles are bursting with lush foliage throughout the year. The Mekong river’s Irrawady dolphins are more easily spotted in the dry season.

This is also the best time to visit Tonlé Sap (Southeast Asia’s largest fresh water lake) since the water birds for which it’s famous are in greater concentration.

The lively Bon Om Tuk water festival usually takes place in November with boat races in Phnom Penh.

Chaul Chnam (Khmer New Year) in April is a huge celebration.

International airports

Pochentong (PNH) 12km from Phnom Penh. Angkor (REP) 8km from Siem Reap. Sihanoukville (KOS) 18km East of the town.

Getting around in Cambodia

Several local carriers fly between Siem Reap and Phnom Penh. The journey is an easy 45 minutes but the airlines serving this route come and go out of business worryingly quickly.

Boats run between Siem Reap and Phnom Penh via Tonlé Sap, with the express service taking just 5 hours but they are pricey in comparison with bus services.

 

Express bus services run between Phnom Penh and Cambodia’s other major towns from as little as $4. In peak season, spaces fill up quickly. It’s advisable to buy tickets at the bus station the day before you plan to leave – at the latest.

 

Cambodian towns lack public transport but taxi, tuk-tuk and motobike taxis are plentiful and hiring bicycles is a fun way to get around.

There are no longer any passenger trains running on Cambodia’s crumbling rail network. The brave can try hitching a lift on a cargo train but at an average speed of 20mph journeys are painfully slow.

Ardent rail fans should try the bamboo trains running around Battambang. It costs $8 to hire a private bamboo train but sharing your carriage with pigs, motorbikes and mounds of rice is what makes the experience.

Cambodia accommodation

Accommodation in Cambodia’s main draws – Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville – covers the whole spectrum from luxury palaces where you can spend up to £300 a night to budget rooms from as little as £4.

 

Further afield, accommodation tends to be limited to basic guesthouses, but these often family-run establishments are a great way to give back to the community if you choose the right one.

Cambodia food & drink

For the uninitiated, Cambodian cuisine is closest to Thai but the spices are less pronounced.

Chicken or fish amok – a coconut, chilli and lemongrass curry served in a banana leaf - is delicious.  Other delicacies include krolon (sticky rice and coconut steamed in bamboo) and nem (parcels of fish-meat).

Vegetarians will usually have no problems but it is easier for those who can live with the occasional drop of fish sauce or shared woks.

 

The national beer is the very quaffable Angkor and for those undaunted by howling hangovers, local spirits such as rice wine aren’t bad either.

Health & safety in Cambodia

Landmines persist in extremely remote locations so if you do plan to go off the beaten track, take a local guide.

Inoculations against typhoid, hepatitis and tetanus are advisable but consult your GP or travel clinic first.

There is no malaria in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap but those venturing further afield should consider taking anti-malarials. Drink water only from sealed bottles.