Borneo travel guide, including map of Borneo, Borneo travel advice and when to go to Borneo, plus guide to Borneo wildlife and trekking
Straddling the equator and dominated by luxuriant rain forests, Borneo is the world’s third-biggest island. Its territory is apportioned unevenly between the countries of Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia.
The two East Malaysian states Sabah and Sarawak, lie in the north, surrounding the rich Islamic Sultanate of Brunei, while the Indonesian state of Kalimantan occupies most of central and southern Borneo.
The island boasts remote jungle beauty, tropical adventure and tribal cultures, and is home to half of all known plant and animal species in the world. This wildlife wonderland has orang-utans, the Sumatran rhino, the Bornean pygmy elephant and thousands of unique flowering species. A colourful paradise combining relaxation and adventure with its idyllic beaches, scenic mountains and rich culture.
Hawker markets offer opportunities to try a variety of dishes from the numerous stalls ranged around a central eating area; order enticing-looking treats from any stalls, take them to your table and tuck in. Only eat with your right hand.
The thumb or whole hand should be used to indicate something, or to wave down a taxi.
Especially outside urban areas, and more so in the conservative Muslim north, women should dress respectfully by covering shoulders and legs. The ideal is baggy clothing; loose trousers with a modest long-sleeved tunic or baggy shirt is fine.
Borneo is hot and humid with a typically tropical climate. Sarawak receives an abundance of rainfall during the monsoon between November and February each year, whereas the dry season generally occurs from May to October.
The monsoon period should not deter visitors to the region as it brings respite from the tropical heat, though the wet season can be more encumbering for active and adventure holidays.
Heavy rains may cause cancellation of flights and riverboat trips into remote regions, so the dry season is best for activities.
Kota Kinabalu International Airport – Sabah, Kuching International Airport – Sarawak, Sepinggan International Airport - Balikpapan, Syamsudin Noor Airport – Barjarmasin, Supadio Airport – Pontianak
Domestic flights link all the regions of Borneo including Sabah, Sarawak, Balikpapan, Bajarmasin and Pontianak.
MASWings, AirAsia and Batavia Air provide regular services between the different areas of Borneo.
Air-conditioned express buses are the economical way to travel long distances within, and sometimes between, Borneo’s different states. Ferry links between Labuan Island, Brunei, KK, Limbang and East Kalimantan are also an efficient way of exploring the Borneo states.
Use the public express boats for fascinating journeys to coastal and inland towns such as along Rejang River or from Kuching East to Sibu.
Borneo has a full range of accommodation, from treetop lodges, budget hostels and small guesthouses to luxury on-the-beach hotels.
More intriguing options include Borneo’s ecolodge stays with the chance to see as many as nine primate species including crocodiles, butterflies and rare birds such as the Storms stork. It is advised that accommodation should be booked prior to travel.
Borneon food comprises of three world-class dishes; Malay, Chinese and Indian, and has a hugely varied national menu. Even within each ethnic cuisine, there is a vast choice.
Indian influences can be divided into two schools; North Indian dishes are subtly spiced using more meat and served with a range of breads. South Indian dishes use fiery spices, emphasise vegetables and are served with rice. The most popular North Indian food is tandoori, which is served with delicious naan bread or roti (chapatti).
The Kadazan – the largest ethnic group in Sabah tend to use mango in their Sabahan food, which can be on the sour side.
Malay food is rich and creamy due to use of coconut milk. Malay curries are flavoursome with the use of herbs and spices including chilli, ginger, tumeric, Coriander, lemongrass, cloves, cumin and cinnamon. The best Malay food is usually found at stalls in hawker centres.
The Chinese cuisine in Borneo consists mainly of seafood, chicken, rice and noodles. Good Chinese food is available in restaurants and coffee shops. Regional dishes like Hainanese chicken rice and dim sum are mouth-watering.
Soft drinks, mineral water, and freshly squeezed juices are widely available. Malaysian brewed guinness and tiger beers are very popular. One of the most interesting cultural refinements of the Indian Muslim community is the Mamak man, who is framed for the Tarik (pulled tea), which is thrown across the distance of about a metre, from one cup to another, with no spillages.
Consult your GP or a travel health clinic for advice on inoculations and anti-malarial prophylaxis. Various biting bugs, leeches, parasites and venomous snakes are found in Borneo – particularly the jungles of Borneo – so wear insect repellent, don’t walk barefoot and take sensible precautions to avoid bites and stings.
Food hygiene is generally good and crime levels relatively low, but do take do take the usual common-sense precautions.
The world is a classroom and travel is a great teacher. Nichola West reveals the destinations that will engage, delight and educate your child in ways they will never forget More
It’s one of nature's most awe-inspiring sights: clouds of bats heading off to feed, silhouetted against colourful sunsets. From Zambia to Texas, here's where to witness this spectacle More
Borneo is one of the world’s great wildlife frontiers – home to rare creatures and epic landscapes. These trips will take you to its wild heart and give you the chance to help its endangered species too More
From walking with polar bears to swimming with humpbacks, these wonderful wildlife experiences, as picked by travel bloggers, including Johnny Jet and The Planet D, will stay with you forever... More
Malaysia's biggest state is home to the Iban - the most feared of Borneo's headhunters. But with times changing, can travellers still find an authentic Iban experience among the traditional longhouses? More
We talk tribes and Tawai with explorer Bruce Parry after his latest film project across India, Borneo and the Amazon. Find out the importance of indigenous people and how merging solutions can help society More
Ahead of World Animal Day (Oct 4), leading wildlife photographers, including Brian Skerry, Angela Scott and Peter Eastway, pick their favourite countries for photographing lions, gorillas and more... More
We all want authentic interactions and a local’s grasp of the cultures we encounter when travelling. Wendy Wu Tours’ new collection of trips do just that, helping you experience the real Asia… More
Make this Christmas one your kids will never forget by booking an exciting, exotic family holidays across the globe. If you're thinking of spending the festive season abroad, now is the time book More
We asked 11 famous folks, including Brian Cox, Kate Humble and De La Soul, the destinations that top their ‘To Do Before I Die’ list. From Borneo to Korea, these are their answers, and the clear favourite is…? More
From the orangutans of Borneo to the endangered Javan rhinoceros, Indonesia is renowned for its unique wildlife. Here are 7 experiences you won’t want to miss out on More
Paul Allen, author of The Ethical Careers Guide, gives his five top tips on how to find a career that has a positive impact on the world, as well as allowing you to travel More
From volunteer projects in Africa and Asia to eco-aware tours of the Galapagos and the Amazon, these fantastic trips give back as much as they give you More
From epic desert landscapes to intimate wildlife encounters, these trips are tailormade to capture the romance of adventure travel and provide plenty of memorable romantic moments More
New year, new you? Push your travel boundaries with these exciting trips guaranteed to take you into a whole new world of adventure... More
Forget the flop and drop. These exciting family adventures are guaranteed to keep the kids active and entertained. They might learn something too More
An encounter with an orangutan in its natural environment is one of the world’s great – and increasingly rare wildlife experiences. Ahead of World Orangutan Day, here are the best places to see them. More
Want to give your little ones their first big travel adventure? These great trips are perfect for young families More
Impenetrable rainforests, rare wildlife and diverse culture – Borneo is perfect for adventure and nature lovers alike. Here’s what you need to do to get under its skin More
Whether you’re floating along the mighty Nile or carving through the Grand Canyon on the Colorado, river cruises can give eye-opening perspectives you’ve never imagined before. Here’s seven of the best… More
Packed with wild parks, natural wonders and ancient temples – it is amazing that South-East Asia has so few (just 37) UNESCO World Heritage Sites. We pick our favourites, plus some must-see sights yet to gain recognition. More
These aquatic beauties may not have the awe of sharks, but their grace and charisma makes for an unforgettable diving experience More
Listen to the stars under the stars in the most atmospheric venues imaginable More
Well, that’s Christmas done for another year. Now to more important matters: where to go in 2016. More
Whether you're a first-time climber or searching for your next high-altitude challenge, don't overlook these 'classic' peaks... More
These are the exotic locales that top your travel wishlist – and our advice on what to do when you get there More
Our featured blogger, Mike Bonner, returns from Borneo determined to live a life he doesn't need to escape from More
Your essential guide to getting the most out of arguably the world's most adventurous destination More
Still looking for a selection of this year's freshest trips? From Borneo to Ghana and all the places in between? Where will your Wanderlust take you in 2014? More
Making a trip wish-list for next year? Daisy Cropper shares her suggestions for where to go in 2014 More
Lush with jungle, riddled with rivers and bursting with wildlife, this South-East Asian isle is the place for those Born(eo) to be wild! Here’s our expert guide More
Is it possible to climb South-East Asia's highest peak in one day and avoid the high accommodation costs? Our featured bloggers, Jonathan and Natalia, find out... More
Our featured blogger, Emily Snell, goes in search of one of Borneo's most elusive creatures. Does she find it? More
Wander Woman, Marie Javins, heads deep into Sabah in search of a proboscis monkey and discovers they're not as ugly as you expect More
Wander Woman, Marie Javins, on the fine line between pleasure and pain on boats in Borneo More
Wander Woman, Marie Javins, dodges bats and barking frogs in her attempt to get to Brunei More
Marie Javins on how to get the most out of Borneo's stunning Mulu National Park. And its frogs More
Wander Woman, Marie Javins, on the best way to meet the 'old men' of the jungle More
Borneo is a land of intrigue, popular with travellers the world over. Award-winning guide Kevin Albin reveals how to avoid the honeypots, starting with sun bears More
Dominic Hall has been running tours to Borneo for ten years and is Tripbod’s man-in-the-know there. Here's his top 10 must-see sights for the first-time visitor More
Naturalist and thinking mum's pin-up Steve Backshall on his charmed life and what drives him to travel to far-flung places More
Beach and jungle combinations don't come better than this northern scoop of Malaysian Borneo - just don't forget your leech socks More
Wanderlust subscribers now receive a free £50 voucher valid on trips from a great selection of top tour operators
And the best bit is, this isn't a one-off offer, you get one every time you renew as well!
The £50 discount can be redeemed against one trip booking with one of our tour operator partners, by the expiry date printed on the voucher. The £50 can even be redeemed on top of any discounts our partners are already offering, ensuring Wanderlust subscribers get the best deal possible.
Simply quote your unique voucher code when booking to claim the discount. This offer is only available to Wanderlust subscribers.
UK subscribers automatically receive the voucher each year. Overseas subscribers receive it upon request.
Perfect for... Nature lovers, willing castaways, and anyone wants a relaxing introduction to beautiful Malaysia and Borneo.
Perfect for... Active types and nature lovers who want a real adventure.
Perfect for... People who want to experience Borneo off the beaten track, before relaxing on beautiful Gaya Island.
The Great Projects
Work with International Animal Rescue on the rehabilitation of Indonesia’s beautiful orangutans.