Snow and ice can cast a beautiful place in a whole new light, perfect for atmospheric landscape photographs. Phil Malpas shares seven tips for winter photography, including how to handle all that white...
I love photographing in the mountainous areas of the UK. We are so lucky to have some of the world’s best scenery right on our doorstep. Even better for me is when this majestic scenery is transformed during winter into a magical wonderland that cries out to be photographed, as in places like Glencoe in Scotland.
For me, winter not only enhances the big view, but snow and ice can offer an infinite number of compositions, particularly in the details where frozen streams, waterfalls, water in general, trees and rocks suddenly reveal a myriad of intricate patterns and forms. I feel that the mountains call me back each year, a call that I can’t ignore. Their beauty and majesty is simply awesome.
If you would like to try your hand at mountain photography in winter, these tips will help you make the most of this wonderful time of year for photography.
Mountains can be dangerous places in the best of weather, but accessing them in the midst of winter is a completely different proposition. You need to take responsibility for your own safety, which includes making sure you have correct clothing and footwear.
If you intend to be out in the mountains alone, always make sure someone knows your intended route and what time you expect to return.
Allow more time to do practically everything, and make sure you have access to a good local weather forecast. I always use MWIS (Mountain Weather Information Service) at mwis.org.uk.
Be prepared for the worst; in a situation where a twisted ankle can be life-threatening, you need to be able to keep yourself warm and be able to contact help if possible.
If you are going to get the best images, it is important that you are comfortable in your environment. Make sure you have suitable clothing that keeps you warm and dry, and always wear a hat and gloves. Mittens are excellent, but they can make it difficult to work the camera, so some thin interior gloves can be of benefit when you’re working on that award-winning composition.
I always use clothing that is lightweight and durable. Multiple layers are always a benefit, and your camera bag should include sufficient space to carry extra clothing, if needed.
In cold conditions, I always use disposable hand-warmers that look like tea bags and give out heat for several hours. It is amazing how your whole body feels warm if your hands are warm.
Human vision is subject to something called ‘colour constancy.’ Simply put, this means that our brains have a tendency to adjust the colour of things to what we know to be true. For example, a white piece of paper will appear white, regardless of the light source we see it under.
Snow and ice have a marvelous tendency to reflect light, and, in particular, fresh snow in the shade under a blue sky will take on a beautiful blue shade. The trouble is that if you are using ‘Auto White’ balance, your camera will try and remove this colour cast for you by making the brightest part of your image neutral in colour.
Be prepared to experiment with all your white balance settings at the taking stage to make sure you don’t turn your back on what could have been a fantastic image.
It always worth considering using a polarising filter, no matter the direction you are shooting, relative to the light. A polariser can reduce glare. When oriented properly, it will block partially polarised light from entering the camera. This can really help with reducing those annoying highlights.
I also have a full set of Neutral Density graduated filters at my disposal. Remember that these can be used in any orientation, so if the brightest part of your composition is at the bottom, then use them from the bottom up.
Getting the right exposure can be tricky when everything in front of you is white. Make sure you check your histogram for each shot, exposing to the right whenever possible. Typically, this may require you to dial in some positive exposure compensation, anything up to a couple of stops to make sure that the wintry conditions are captured accurately.
It is always a good idea to have your camera’s ‘Exposure Warning’ (commonly known as “blinkies’”) set to warn you if you have pushed the exposure compensation too far.
Make sure your camera is set to capture RAW files. It is surprising how much highlight detail you can recover in post processing.
Camera battery technology has improved immensely in recent years. Even so, extreme cold can be punishing for your batteries and the last thing you need is to run out of power just as the light is getting good.
Always carry some spare batteries with you and, if possible, keep them in a warm inside pocket, rather than in your camera bag. You may even find that a battery that says it is out of charge will perk up if you can warm it up for a short time.
In extreme conditions, you could even consider keeping some of those hand warmers in your pocket with your spare batteries.
When you have completed a magical winter’s day in the mountains, it is likely that your camera equipment will be very cold and potentially damp as well.
Once you return to a warm dry environment, I recommend removing everything from your camera bag and laying it our carefully to slowly warm up and dry out at room temperature. After an hour or so, all your equipment will be ready to re-pack for your next wintry adventure.
Phil Malpas runs photography tours and holidays with Light & Land, including Vietnam, Isle of Sark, Venice, Tuscany and Scotland. He’ll be guiding a Winter Wonderland of Glencoe, Scotland tour, along with photographer Clive Minnitt, from Jan 8-12. See lightandland.co.uk for details.
Phil Malpas is a professional photographer and author of Capturing Colour. For more on his photography, see philmalpas.com.